Media Kit - Timeline
The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act acknowledges vitamin, mineral, and other dietary properties of foods. The Food and Drug Administration uses the drug provisions of the law to stake its claim to reclassify dietary supplements as drugs based on their label claims.
The first recommended daily allowances (RDAs) are published establishing the basis for the FDA's regulation of vitamins and minerals, despite opposing opinions claiming the RDA was not reflective of current scientific advances on the benefits of nutrients in maintaining health.
The FDA publishes proposed new guidelines for labeling and content of dietary supplements, however, public opposition forces further hearings. Finally in 1973, the FDA publishes final regulations classifying any supplements stronger than 150 percent of the RDA as drugs.
After years of debate over nutritional supplements, Congress passes the Proxmire Bill prohibiting the FDA from regulating vitamins and minerals as prescription drugs. The bill represents a major defeat for the FDA, which worked to repeal the bill.
President Bush signs into law the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA), which is intended to improve nutritional information regarding health claims made for products. The FDA is given the job of implementing the law, but because of its broad wording, the agency capitalizes on the opportunity to over-regulate safe and beneficial nutritional products.
The Health Freedom Act is introduced in the Senate along with a similar bill in the House of Representatives to protect the rights of U.S. citizens to choose safe and effective dietary supplements.
To allow for further study of nutritional labeling of dietary supplements, an NLEA Moratorium is enacted in late 1992, postponing implementation of the act.
Passage of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) creates a new framework for regulation of dietary supplements by the FDA.
The White House Commission on Dietary Supplement Labels issues its report on the future regulation of this product category.
The FDA publishes regulations for structure/function claim notification.
Congress includes in the Food and Drug Modernization Act a provision allowing dietary supplements to make health claims.
FDA regulations require that a "Supplement Facts" panel appear on dietary supplement labels.